• Ph.D. in Philosphy and Greek, University of Toronto


The German philosophical tradition is among the most challenging and influential intellectual achievements in human history. In a burst of creativity unknown to philosophy since ancient Greece, thinkers from Kant through the first and second generation Frankfurt School have raised and explored the question of how to live responsibly in a world where, as Nietzsche put it, alles ist geworden–everything has come to be and there are no timeless absolutes.

In guiding students into this very difficult field, I am guided by three principles derived from my own reading of it:

  1. The most fundamental concern of the tradition after Kant is with language, which is explored under a variety of given names (history, divinity, society, etc.).
  2. The tradition operates by investigating the temporality of language, again giving it a variety of names: dialectics, will to power, Being and so forth.
  3. The German philosophical tradition is highly open to other traditions, both older and younger. With regard to what went before, this historical engagement mainly takes the form of a massive appropriation of Greek thought and a decisive encounter with British Empiricism. With regard to what comes after, the German tradition lays the basis for most of the insights of contemporary postmodernism.

Selected Publications


Honors and Awards

• Choice Book Award 1999: Metaphysics and Oppression: Heidegger’s Challenge to Western Philosophy
• Choice Book Award 2005: Reshaping Reason: Toward a New Philosophy